We believe that glass artists can communicate better with the collector by defining their techniques. The art of glassblowing has evolved from many different cultures and continues to evolve in today's exponentially expansive culture.
Annealing Process Our pieces are properly annealed to remove stress in the glass. This involves the use of large hotboxes, called kilns, to slowly reduce the heat of the glass to create a strong molecular structure.
Ash Catcher An extra piece you can attach between the slide and down stem of a tube that has a smaller water chamber used to filter smoke before it goes into the actual water pipe. It is also used to catch any ash that gets sucked through the bowl, keeping the tube clean and free of ash, hence the term "ash catcher."
Chillums and Steamrollers A Chillum is a straight conical pipe with end-to-end channel that was engineered as early as the 18th century. A steamroller pipe is the modernized version of the chillum that incorporates the "choke" or "carb" in the design.
Chubbler A water piece set up like a chillum with a double internal stem.
Collaboration/Colab Meaning when two or more artists get together to work on a single glass piece. Can also mean an artist and a company working together who normally don't.
Dichro glass with a special metallic coating that reflects and refracts light. This is a metal created by NASA- the U.S. space agency. Color is applied to the Dicroic glass. This is applied to a piece in endless ways. This result is a shimmering, glittery metallic color.
Donut A hole that goes through a hollow piece. Multiple donuts can be used to create an irregular vessel shape as well.
Dot-Stacking 3 dots placed on top of each other to create a bull’s eye type pattern.
Dot box A technique using dots to form many shapes including diamonds, squares, rectangles, triangles, circles, and hour glasses.
Dubbler Double bubbler (bubbler with two chambers).
Doubler A two chambered bubbler.
Dry pieces No water.
Frit Crushed glass often melted onto other glass to produce patterns and color.
Fume Fuming is the vaporizing of precious metals onto glass to created a color layer.
Filigrana A method of infusing lines or grids of color (originally mainly white) into glass, which is achieved by laying thin rods of clear glass with the desired colored thread inside next to one another, fusing them together, and then molding them into a cylinder.
Hand Pipe The common thread between them is having a screened receptacle of some sort, a "stem" and a "mouthpiece". The smoking material is placed in the receptacle and affected with a heat source while air is drawn through the bowl and stem to the user. Some pipes have a "choke" or "carb", a small hole usually located on the side of the bowl, used to clear the pipe of smoke or to conserve material by stopping burning when enough smoke has been created.
Hammer A two pieced set of sections of glass sealed together to make one shape in the form of a hammer.
Hammer Bubbler A hammer with a down stem.
Heady Glass High-end superb technical and colored pieces that are highly unique or one of a kind glass piece. These types of pieces often have various artist specific techniques that separate themselves within the industry.
Incalmo The technique of grafting or joining together of two separately blown glass bubbles, to produce a single bubble, while still hot.
Inline These are commonly described as being similar to a "piano hinge" diffuser, that consist of several slits made in a tube that is braced within the horizontal can of the water pie. These types of diffusers are commonly found with stem-less water pipes.
Inside Out Pipe An inside out pipe, is made by blowing a regular glass pipe with a design applied on the inside of it. An inside out pipe often has much more complex designs on it, and is a lot more interesting to look at, and also since the glass is super thick.
Latticino An Italian decorative glassblowing technique. Latticino refers to any glass piece created using colored glass canes/rods wrapped around each other creating unique color patterns, usually found in inside out hand pipes.
Millefiori Millefiori (thousand flowers) is the technique of stretching and shaping multi-coloured rods. Normally colours are added and a shape is introduced, then the molten glass is stretched until it produces a long thin cane of glass.
Multi-sectional Pipe A multi-sectional glass hand pipe consists of various lampworking techniques incorporated together to allow a more diverse and colorful composition. These techniques can range anywhere from inside out work, surface work, and/or cold working techniques. The higher the skill of the artist the more impressive the results are.
Outside Work Pipe As opposed to an inside out pipe that is created on the inside of a pipe, outside worked pipes refer to the designs on the outside surface of the glass. Artists can place designs on the outside and either melt them in with their flame or let them add to the shape of the piece.
Peacocking Layering dots so that they look feathered, usually by laying a dot halfway on another dot, repeat.
Pin wheeling Swirling layered dots into a paisley type pattern.
Reticello Italian decorative glassblowing technique. This involves the merging of two cane bubbles (one inside the other) in which the straight canes were twisted in opposite directions. Once merged, the opposing twisted canes cross each other creating a net like pattern. If done the traditional way, small air bubbles will be trapped in a grid pattern between the crossing canes.
Recycler A type of water pipe that was created within the scientific glassblowing community, that allows full diffusion of all the water in the apparatus. The process of diffusion is considered to allow the large air volume within the vessel as well as making the water less dense. This allows the smoke to travel with the least resistance and still allowing a dry pull.
Reversal a section of switchbacks blown into a ball, reversed axis, and re-blown.
Rod encasement Literally using rods to paint the whole thing with a layer of clear (or whatever color your encasing with.)
Scientific Glass The field combined hand skills using lathes and torches with modern computer assisted furnaces to create highly complex water pipe apparatuses.
Sculpted Pipe Sculpted hand pipes are shaped using a combination of heat, gravity and tools such as graphite paddles, mashers, tweezers, and picks. Presses to create shapes and indent patterns into the glass are also used. Other flat edged tools can also be used for certain desired effects.
Sherlock The construction of the Sherlock pipe gives it a low centre of gravity. This allows the smoker to easily hold the pipe in the mouth alone. Users would take advantage of this property, as it allowed them to hold pipe while leaving the hands free for other "business".
Shlammer A hammer that stands up like a Sherlock.
Side Car A two sectioned piece with the stem placed on the side of the piece.
Sidelock Sidecar Sherlock (Sherlock with the stem on the side like a sidecar).
Spoon A simple traditional design of a hand pipe.
Stick stack Whole rods are tube encased to create a thick layer of color on the inside.
Tube encasement Inserting decorated length of tubing into a sleeve of tubing, and melting together.
Just Add Water A "Just add water" pipe, is similar to a pipe, only it has a water-chamber through which smoke passes prior to inhalation. Users fill the chamber(s) with water, sometimes also adding ice or other substances in place of water in order to cool the smoke.
Kettle Bubbler A bubbler with a removable down stem.
Mini A small piece be it wet or dry.
Sherlock bubbler A Sherlock wet piece.
Sidecar bubbler A bubbler with the stem on the side.
Stem-less A piece with a U bend and no down stem.
Water Pipe Consists of a tube, a down stem and a slide.
Wig Wag (switchback) creating a /\/\/\ like pattern in glass by twisting straight lines twisted one way, they twisted the other way to create the V.
Window A section of tubing presented on a separate axis from the rest of the piece. The can of this piece has some nice windows.
Wrap and Rake Colored glass is spun (trailed) around a tube and raked with a clear rod. Similar to how cakes and espresso can be decorated!